Dr. Kenneth Perkins, professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School says that for women quitting smoking is more difficult than for men because of next factors specific only to women:
1. menstrual cycle may affect withdrawal symptoms;
2. women fear more than men to gain weight;
3. nicotine replacement therapy may not be as effective as for men;
4. women may not get necessary support from their husbands.
These difficulties should not prevent women from their smoking cessation efforts. Dr. Michele Bloch, medical officer in the Tobacco Control Research Branch of the National Cancer Institute says that 50% of smokers managed successfully to quit, including women.
90% of people try to quit smoking without professional help. However, the success increases when they get some sort of counseling or medical intervention. Without professional help, only 5% of people stop smoking for a year. Professional help increases the success to 20%!
Some data showed that for women it is more difficult to quit than to men. Therefore, women should seek professional advice because it increases chances they will successfully stop.
Today most effective methods to quit smoking are:
1. behavioral change;
2. counseling and social support;
3. drug treatment (nicotine replacement, antidepressant buproprion).
In the behavioral aspect of quitting planning and preparing are important,
Counseling support csocial support include state quit lines, help of relatives and friends, joining quit smoking groups and preofessional help for more intensive therapy.
Emotional condition may influence women’s smoking more than a man’s, so women should pay attention to their feelings when trying to quit.